Friday, October 11, 2019
Advances in Public Health Care in the Last Century
Mammograms are now being performed at 35, 40, and then every year after a woman reaches the age of 50. All of these precautions have led to the drop in death rates of these cancers, that were once deadly killers. Another Important advancement in public health in the last century was motor vehicle safety. The CDC states that motor vehicle accidents are among the 10 leading causes of death among citizens of all ages and the leading cause of death among people ages 5-34. In terms of death of people under the age of 65 motor vehicle accidents came second only to heart disease and cancer.The CDC also states that although the rate of travel went up 8. 5% across the nation, the death rate decreased from 14. 9 per 100,000 population to 1 1. 0 per 100,000. The Injury rate declined from 1,130-722. Motor vehicle accidents are Incredibly easy to prevent. As technology progressed cars became safer as well as the roads on which the cars were driven due to new laws being passed. For example as tech nology progressed It created more hazards. New laws are being created to prevent the Increase In accidents from hand held phone use, and testing and driving.Also new laws have state that stables must be worn by article on the Pump Handle from 2011 that another reason there was a decrease in death rates was because of the laws regarding teens and graduated drivers accessing, and car-seat restrictions and laws. (Brickwork, 2011). Although these decreases were incredible, as technology progresses law makers and car production companies will have to stay on top of safety concerns and hazardous conditions. One of the biggest advances made for families in the public health department was the prevention of childhood lead poisoning.Almost every home built before 1978 was constructed using lead paint. Lead paint affects mostly children under the age of 7, because their bodies and brains are still developing and sensitive to even the mallets amounts of lead. Lead can cause a multitude of inju ries in young children; including. These include learning disabilities, brain damage (sometimes subtle) loss of intellect, academic failure, neurophysiology deficits, ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), hyperactive behavior, antisocial (criminal) behavior, neurological problems, encephalopathy (brain swelling), major organ failure, coma, and even death.All these problems occur through an accumulation of lead, from the paint being ingested by infants, toddlers and children. This problem mainly occurs in low income families vying in poorly maintained housing and in poverty. This occurs because the paint in the homes was not updated since the ass's when lead based paint was legal. In the early ass's only 5 states had laws regarding lead poisoning prevention. By 2010, 23 of the 50 states had laws about the paint, as well as federal laws protecting against lead paint poisoning.Most of the laws including the ones in Maryland, state that before a home, apartment building or residence can be sold or rented to a family or individual, it must be inspected for lead paint. If lead paint is present in the accidence, it must be sanded off, and then repainted with a safe and nontoxic paint. Although most people don't consider occupational safety as a Ã¢â¬Å"health concernÃ¢â¬ the CDC had occupational safety improvements one of their top 10 advances in public health for the last century. For example, out of the 1. Million injuries in health care workers in back problems. This is caused from the lifting of patients in nursing homes, hospitals, and residential care. The CDC stated in its article Ã¢â¬Å"Following widespread dissemination and adoption of [a best practices patient-handling aerogram that includes the use of mechanical patient-lifting equipment] by the nursing home industry, Bureau of Labor Statistics data showed a 35% decline in low back injuries in residential and nursing care employees between 2003 and 2009Ã¢â¬ . CDC, 2011) Not only does this practice prevent workers from being injured but also helps prevent injuries to patients from being mishandled by health care providers. Another main achievement in the last century was the advance in vaccines and their prevention of diseases. New vaccines such as retrovirus, pneumatically conjugate, trivalent macroeconomic conjugate, herpes sister, and human voluptuaries (HP) vaccines along with the tetanus, diphtheria, and cellular pressures (for teens and young adults) have been created to help with the spread of diseases.The HP vaccine was a major advancement since HP had become one of the most widely spread Stud's in the nation. The vaccine is important because there is no way of knowing if the virus is present unless warts are present, and no way of testing for it on males or females, unless the warts themselves are visible. Also the cancerous is detected through a routine pap smear. Many teens and young adults practice unsafe sex leaving themselves susceptible to multiple Stud's along with the silent one known as HP.Most young men and women are encouraged to get the leading HP vaccine Guardrail. The pneumatically conjugate vaccine was a major advancement for those with instrumentation diseases, infants, and the elderly. As people get older, or are diagnosed with instrumentation diseases such as Lupus or diagnosed with cancer, it makes it harder for their bodies to fight off infection and harder for them to recover. Whereas infants t not have built up a strong enough immune system to fight off such strong virus, leading to hospitalizing or complications.The CDC states in their report, Ã¢â¬Å"Following the introduction of pneumatically conjugate vaccine, an estimated 211,000 serious pneumatically infections and 13,000 deaths were prevented during 2000-?2008Ã¢â¬ (CDC, 2011). Their report talks about advances in older vaccines, such as Hepatitis A, B and Variable, which caused these diseases to be at record low by the end of the decade. In addition age specific mortality from variable of people under the age of 20 declined by 97% from 0. 65 before the vaccine to 0. 02 during 2005-2007.These vaccines are not only important for those having risk factors of a higher mortality rate from the viruses but, also for their close family and friends who may be carrying a dormant disease and pass it on without knowing. The PAPA founded in 1872, is one of the oldest and most diverse organizations of public health in the world. Its primary goal is to protect all Americans and their communities from serious preventable health threats. PAPA strives to assure community-based health promotion, disease prevention activities and preventative health services are universally accessible in the United States.